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PolarDenseNet: A Deep Learning Model for CSI Feedback in MIMO Systems


In multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems, the high-resolution channel information (CSI) is required at the base station (BS) to ensure optimal performance, especially in the case of multi-user MIMO (MU-MIMO) systems. In the absence of channel reciprocity in frequency division duplex (FDD) systems, the user needs to send the CSI to the BS. Often the large overhead associated with this CSI feedback in FDD systems becomes the bottleneck in improving the system performance. In this paper, we propose an AI-based CSI feedback based on
an auto-encoder architecture that encodes the CSI at UE into a low-dimensional latent space and decodes it back at the BS by effectively reducing the feedback overhead while minimizing
the loss during recovery. Our simulation results show that the AI-based proposed architecture outperforms the state-of-the-art high-resolution linear combination codebook using the DFT basis adopted in the 5G New Radio (NR) system.

Author: Pranav Madadi, Jeongho Jeon, Joonyoung Cho, Caleb Lo, Juho Lee, Charlie Zhang

Published: IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC)

Date: May 16, 2022